USB Drive Utility to Install Windows Vista,7 & Server 2008

Imagine a situation where you need to install Windows Vista or 7 in a system but you don't have access to DVD drive. We all know Windows Vista, Server 2008 or 7 comes in DVDs and you'll need a DVD drive to install them. Then how will you install them? The solution is, you can create a bootable USB drive which can be used to install Windows without using DVD drive by a small utility exclusively to install Windows Vista, Server 2008 or 7.


A USB Drive (4 GB or more)
Windows Vista, Server 2008 or 7 ISO image or DVD
Host OS: Windows Vista (SP1 or SP2), Server 2008 or 7

How to Use:
Once you meet the requirements, run the utility. Its a portable utility so doesn't need installation. Simply run it and check the option "I have read and accepted the following License Agreement". Now click on OK button and it'll launch the main application.
It also shows a Help window so that you can use the utility easily.
The utility requires only 4 easy steps to follow:
Check USB drive (To check whether your USB drive is attached or not)
Format USB drive
Choose DVD or ISO image (To copy the required files to USB drive)
Start the process to create bootable USB drive
Download Link (Skydrive)

Tutorial:How to Create Bootable USB Drive to Install Windows Vista?
This tutorial will help you in creating a bootable USB drive of Windows Vista which you can use to install Vista in any system. It might become very useful when you don't have access to DVD drive.
1. First format your USB drive in NTFS file system. You can do it by attaching your USB drive to your system and then format it from My Computer window.
2. Now open Command Prompt window from Start menu. Right-click on Command Prompt entry in start menu and select "Run as administrator" option.
3. Now type diskpart in Command Prompt window and press Enter. It'll launch DiskPart program:

4. Now provide following command: list volume
It'll show a list of all drives in your system. Look for your USB drive entry. As in the below screenshot, the USB drive is "G" which you can determine from its "Type" entry.
Now you have to select the USB drive volume by providing select volume no. command. Since in our case volume no. of USB drive is "Volume 4", the command would be: select volume 4
Now we have to make this drive active. So provide active command: active
Now exit from DiskPart using exit command.

5. Now we need to create Boot sector on USB drive. We'll use "bootsect.exe" utility for this task. You can find this utility in Windows Vista setup disk. It'll be present in "Boot" directory.
Now provide following command in Command Prompt:
bootsect /nt60 G:
Here G is drive letter of USB drive. Replace it with the correct drive letter if your system has some other letter for USB drive.
6. At last, copy all files/folders from Vista Setup DVD to your USB drive and you have done.
Now you can boot using your USB drive and can install Windows Vista in any system.

Ultimate Windows Tweaker v 2.0

Ultimate Windows Tweaker v 2.0 is a freeware Tweak UI Utility for tweaking and optimizing Windows 7 & Windows Vista, 32-bit & 64-bit. It can simply be downloaded and used as a portable application to customize your Windows to meet your requirements. With judicious tweaking, it can make your system faster, more stable, and more secure with just a few mouse clicks. The tweaker detects whether you have Windows 7 or Windows Vista installed and accordingly offers you the relevant tweaks only.

Whats new in UWTv2?
- Revamped UI similar to Windows 7/Vista UI controls
- Improved: Optmize services, enable/disable services and start/stop as well instantly

The tweaker is a 345KB .exe file which does not require an install, but yet packs over 150 tweaks & settings. Simply download the zip file, extract its contents and run Ultimate Windows Tweaker. Please don’t detach Empty Iconfrom executable’s root, the Empty Icon is copied to system directory and referred in runtime.

- Added on System Information page
+ Version with build no
+ System Rating
+ Computer description

- Added on Personalization page
+ Disable Aero shake
+ Disable Aero Snap
+ Enable Jump lits and nos of jump list items
+ Sorted Startmenu with all Windows 7 items
+ Bing Search replaced Live Search in Custom Start Search
+ Use large icons on Taskbar
+ Disable Aero Peek preview
+ Group when Taskbar full is added

- Added in User Accounts & UAC
+ Welcome screen text and buttons’ effects
+ Set custom background on Welcome screen (OEM Background)

- Added in System Performance page
+ Trackbars’ Tooltip shows actual value in miliseconds
+ Improved “Menu action”
+ Improved “Enable support for 4GB of RAM on 32bit Windows”
+ Disable Windows Security Center service

- Added in Security Settings
+ Disable System Restore settings
+ Disable Change Color and Appearance
+ Disable to skip starting programs by pressing Shift key

- Added on Internet Explorer page
+ Reset IE to factory default button added

- Additional Tweaks
+ Disable Windows Startup sound
+ Disable pagefile (Virtual Memory)
+ Enable Large System cache
+ Delete pagefile during shutdown process

- Minor bugs fixed

Windows 7 RTM Language Packs Released

Microsoft has released the Windows 7 RTM (Release to Manufacturing) language packs yesterday. Therefore users running Windows 7 RTM should now see 34 new optional updates in Windows Update. The supported languages are:

Arabic, Brazilian Portuguese, Bulgarian, Chinese – Simplified, Chinese – Traditional – Hong Kong, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian Latin, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian

Microsoft stated on The Windows Blog that Traditional Chinese – Taiwan will be released at a later date, but didn’t specify when.

Language packs are only available to Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise users as mentioned in the Windows 7 Compare Editions page. Users running the Windows 7 Release Candidate (RC) can already download and install the RC language packs.

How to Install Language Packs
After downloading the language pack you want to install via Windows Update:
Click on Start
Type “display language” in the search bar
Choose “Install or uninstall display languages”
(if the search doesn’t return any results, type ”%SYSTEMROOT%\System32\lpksetup.exe” in the search bar)
The Language Pack Installer window would appear with two options.
Choose “Install display languages”
Click “Yes” if a UAC (User Account Control) message appears
Choose “Launch Windows Update”
Windows Update window will show up.
Select the language pack from the optional downloads (even if you’ve already downloaded it!)
Click “Install updates”
Again choose “Yes” if a UAC message appears.
Windows 7 will then start installing the language pack. It might take a while, so you’ll have to wait!

After installation is complete, you can choose the language pack you want to use from the Control Panel. Here’s how:
Click on Start
Type “region” in the search bar
Choose “Region and Language”
(if the search doesn’t return any results, open the ”Run…” then type: “C:\Windows\System32\rundll32.exe C:\Windows\System32\shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL C:\Windows\System32\intl.cpl”)
Go to “Keyboards and Languages”
Click on the combo box under “Choose a display language”
Choose the language pack you want to switch to
Click “Apply”

How to Hide Language Packs from Windows Update
I personally don’t like seeing “34 optional updates are available” every time I open Windows Update. If don’t want the language packs to appear in Windows Update, here’s how to hide them:
Open Windows Update
Click on the text (usually in blue) that says the number of downloads available
Select the language packs you want to hide (or click on “Windows 7 Ultimate Language Packs” to select all of them)
Right-click and choose “Hide updates”
Click OK.

That’s it, now these update will no longer appear unless you restore them. How? Simply click on “Restore hidden updates” on left side of the Windows update window, select the updates and click “Restore”. If prompted with a UAC message choose “Yes”. This works with other updates as well.


Windows 7 Box Art Wallpapers

Windows 7 Box Art Wallpapers for Ultimate, Professional and Home Premium editions.
Normal screen & widescreen verion of each wallpaper available.

Download Box Art Wallpaper

To download Windows 7 Theme Click here

Best Windows 7 Themes: Free Download and Customization

Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 might be out on the market for a while now but its the 5 years old Windows 7 that is the most popupar desktop operating system right now in the world. Windows Xp is second on the list. As you are aware that my site is dedicated to give you always the best customization tools for your desktop but it might be a little bit hard to find your desired theme all in one place.

Windows Vista Customization Download

Are you using Windows Vista? But loves Windows 7 Outlook? So this this the time to turn your Vista to Seven by some themes which are the Best Windows 7 look-like theme for Windows Vista. This page is dedicated to provide you the best available Themes for your Windows Vista PC. I upgrade this page regularly. All the themes are tested and finest. I search all over the net and combining the best theme always.

Windows Live Essentials Latest Download

For those users running Windows Live Essentials, the software suite offered by Microsoft, Wave 3 has been updated once again, and this time, Movie Maker is finally gold (out of the beta stage).
The exact list of build changes is listed over at Ars Technica:
Messenger: 14.0.8089.726 (previous build was 14.0.8064.206)
Mail: 14.0.8089.0726 (previous build was 14.0.8064.206)
Photo Gallery: 14.0.8081.709 (previous build was 14.0.8064.206)
Movie Maker: 14.0.8091.0730 (previous build was 14.0.8064 beta)
Writer: 14.0.8089.726 (previous build was 14.0.8064.206)
Toolbar: 14.00.8064.0206 (previous build was 14.0.8064.206)
Family Safety: 14.0.8093.0805 (previous build was 14.0.8064.0206)
The new suite can be downloaded from Microsoft on the official Windows Live page, although no word has yet been released by Microsoft as to the exact changes in each application, other than Movie Maker or Family Safety.
According to an email to Ars by Microsoft, the changes in Family Safety are as follows:
Based on customer feedback, the newest version of Family Safety features tighter integration with Windows User Accounts and Windows Parental Controls. This results in a seamless login experience and enhanced reporting capabilities to help parents understand what their kids are doing on the computer and online. We have also made enhancements for web browsing such as locking Safe Search for children and helping them find sites designed for kids with These updates will make Windows Live Family Safety easier for parents to get started, and it’s easier for them to keep their kids safer online.
No changelist for Movie Maker have been released, at the moment, the only known change (other than almost insignificant changes such as UI differences), is that Movie Maker is now Gold.

Windows Live Essentials require the following:
Operating system: Windows XP with Service Pack 2 (32-bit edition only), Windows Vista (32-bit or 64-bit editions), Windows 7 (32-bit or 64-bit editions), or Windows Server 2008.
Windows Live Movie Maker and the slide show feature of Windows Live Photo Gallery are not supported on Windows XP.
Processor: 1 GHz or higher for Windows 7 or Windows Vista; 800 MHz or higher for Windows XP.
Memory: 512 MB of RAM for Windows 7 or Windows Vista; 128 MB (256 MB or more recommended) for Windows XP.
Resolution: Minimum 1024 x 768
Internet connection: Internet functionality requires dial-up or broadband Internet access (provided separately). Local or long-distance charges may apply.
Browser: Windows Live Toolbar requires Microsoft Internet Explorer 6, Internet Explorer 7, or Internet Explorer 8.
Graphics or video card: Windows Live Movie Maker requires a video card that supports DirectX 9.0 or higher, and Shader Model 2.0 or higher.

Additional requirements
The following components are needed for specific Windows Live programs, and may be installed for you if they’re not already on your computer.
For Writer: Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 or higher*
For Photo Gallery: SQL 2005 Compact Edition and Windows Imaging Codecs*
For Photo Gallery and Movie Maker: Some components of DirectX9.
* Not required when installing on Windows 7 or Windows Vista.

PC Games Cheat Code Directory

It is one of the largest indexes of PC game cheats / PC Cheats on the internet. Below is a list of PC game cheats / PC Cheats, codes, and hints containing sites for almost every PC game title.

Cheat Codes Club
PS2 Cheats
Gamecube Cheats
Xbox Cheats
Atomic Xbox
Level 80
Neon Gaming
Playstation 2 Cheats
Playstation 3 Cheats
Wii Cheats
Xbox Cheats Online
Cheat Codes
Xbox 360 Cheats
Cheat Codes
Game Cheats
Gamecube Cheats

Playstation 2 Cheats

Xbox Cheats

Xbox 360 Cheats

Wii Cheats


Just Click letter by PC game title you wish to find PC Cheats for


Free Windows 7 Ferrari Aero Theme

Formula 1 Fan?Favourite Team Ferrari?Disappointed that Michael Schumacher is not going to be returning to F1 for Ferrari, well you can console yourself by downloading a new Windows 7 theme that has been developed by Ferrari and Microsoft. It’s not been released officially yet, but you can install it to get some amazing eye candy for your desktop.

Best Windows 7 Transformation Downloads For Windows XP

Still using XP? But loves Windows 7 Outlook? So this this the time to turn your XP to Seven by some exclusive Windows 7  theme which are the Best Windows 7 look-like theme for Windows XP available up to date. This page is dedicated to provide you the best available Windows 7 Themes & Customization pack for your Windows XP PC.I upgrade this page regularly. All the themes are tested and finest. I search all over the net and combining the best theme always.

BIOS:All The Things You Need To Know

In IBM PC Compatible computers, the basic input/output system (BIOS) , also known as the System BIOS, is a de facto standard defining a firmware interface.

The BIOS is boot firmware, designed to be the first code run by a PC when powered on. The initial function of the BIOS is to identify, test, and initialize system devices such as the video display card, hard disk, floppy disk and other hardware. The BIOS prepares the machine for a known state, so that software stored on compatible media can be loaded, executed, and given control of the PC. This process is known as booting, or booting up, which is short for bootstrapping.

BIOS programs are stored on a chip and are built to work with various devices that make up the complementary chipset of the system. They provide a small library of basic input/output functions that can be called to operate and control the peripherals such as the keyboard, text display functions and so forth. In the IBM PC and AT, certain peripheral cards such as hard-drive controllers and video display adapters carried their own BIOS extension ROM, which provided additional functionality. Operating systems and executive software, designed to supersede this basic firmware functionality, will provide replacement software interfaces to applications.

The BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) is a program held on a small ROM chip on your motherboard. It provides the instructions for what your PC should do as soon as it turns on. Your BIOS is independent of your Operating System, which means it is not directly affected by the operating system you use, or which driver version you've installed, or what your settings are in Windows for example. The BIOS supersedes all of that, and your drivers and operating system will load after the BIOS has loaded up. The BIOS controls a range of hardware-related features and is the middle-man between your CPU and other devices.

If there is an incorrect setting in your BIOS - that is a setting which is not optimal or correct for your hardware configuration - then you will have problems regardless of what you change in Windows, or which driver versions you install. Importantly, the BIOS is best configured correctly before installing Windows, as
this reduces the number of unnecessary services and drivers which Windows may install, and helps reduce the potential for IRQ conflicts which is discussed further below.

Name Of Some Common BIOS Manufacturers
American Megatrends
Insyde Software
Phoenix Technologies

As your BIOS starts to load, the first thing it does is the Power-On Self Test (POST), a diagnostic program which quickly checks your components and makes sure everything is present and working OK. The POST sequence is usually extremely fast; you will only really notice it if it stops when encountering an error. POST error messages can be a bit obscure, but usually give you a lead as to where to look in your BIOS settings. A quick general guide to what the startup error beeps may mean is this POST Error Codes, but a more accurate description specific to your hardware is usually found in your motherboard's manual.

If you have no POST errors you will then see your PC's startup screen, which shows such information as your BIOS type (e.g. Award BIOS), the key to press to access your BIOS settings (e.g. DEL or ESC), the type of processor and its speed, RAM amount and RAM test results, drive information, etc. Note that if any of this
information is incorrect, it may be that your hardware is extremely new and hence not recognized correctly by the current BIOS version; you've overclocked your PC too far; or you have bad hardware or incorrect BIOS settings.

To access the detailed settings in your BIOS, you typically need to press a particular key (the Delete key for example) repeatedly as your system is booting up. If your BIOS has a password then you'll need to enter it first to access your BIOS settings; if you've forgotten the password, then try this BIOS Password Site. Once in
your BIOS screen you will see a multitude of settings. The layout of the BIOS, and the names of the various settings vary greatly depending on the particular motherboard brand and model you own, so It cannot
possibly cover them all here. It may take some time and some research, but it ensures maximum performance and stability. No amount of software tweaking can overcome a badly set up BIOS or resolve BIOS-related problems.

The BIOS is written on a rewriteable ROM chip, which means that it can be updated (or 'flashed') with new information. Motherboard manufa cturers often release new BIOS versions that can improve performance, stability and compatibility, add new features or modify existing features, and fix known bugs. These new BIOS versions are available for download on the manufacturer's website.

I can't list all the manufacturer websites here, as there are far too many however if you have a look through your motherboard manual you should see a relevant link to the appropriate website. Download the latest BIOS for your exact motherboard brand and model number and follow the instructions on the site to Flash (reprogram) the BIOS chip on your motherboard with this new BIOS version. A word of warning: flashing the BIOS is not to be ta ken lightly. If something does go wrong then your PC may not boot up and you may have to take your motherboard to a dealer to have the memory chip replaced. While this is rare, when updating your BIOS make sure you follow the instructions provided to the letter.

Your motherboard is not the only device which has a BIOS. Many components, indeed most major electronic equipment like TVs and DVD players have their own inbuilt BIOS chips. The software on these chips is typically referred to as Firmware, and all firmware can be updated using the correct equipment and
software. For consumer electronic equipment this is usually done by a qualified technician, but for PC components, it can be upgraded in much the same way as flashing your BIOS. You will need to check your manufacturer's website for more recent versions of the BIOS/firmware you require, and any specific
instructions or software necessary. The most common firmware updates are for CD/DVD drives. If you want to find out more about these updates, see this Firmware Page. A firmware upgrade can help resolve problems like difficulties reading from a particular disk type, 'disk not detected' errors, and other issues. Just
like BIOS flashing it involves an element of risk, so please read any instructions carefully before proceeding.

The motherboard BIOS is a critical component of the PC which is often overlooked, so I urge you to take the time to become more familiar with your own BIOS, and to configure it correctly. Of course if you are not sure what a setting in the BIOS does, do not change it from its default. If necessary, contact your hardware
manufacturer for more details.

Complete List of BIOS Manufacturer Web Sites




ALI (Acer Laboratories)

AME Group

American Megatrends



ARI Service






Compaq Computer
Computer Technology


Data Expert (Expert Media)

Dell Computer

DFI (Diamond Flower Electric Instrument)

Diamond Multimedia

Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)

Elitegroup Computer Systems

Famous Technology


















Packard Bell

PC Partner

PC Chips


Pine Group

All The Latest Free Software Download Directory

***Page Updating Now.Sorry For Any Broken Link.We Will fix this soon**
This is the most Complete & Updated Download Directory of all the necessary Softwares.You can always find the latest software direct download link here.No redirection,no time loss,no advertise link.Please comment and give your suggetion.You can also ask me for giving any partiucular software.

Thanks for visiting.

AntiVir Personal
Size: 29.49 MB
Avast! Free Antivirus 5.0.418
Size: 42.46 MB
AVG Free Edition 9.0.730
Size: 76.61MB
BitDefender 10 Free
Size: 21.08 MB
ClamWin 0.95.3
Size: 31.19 MB
Cloud Antivirus 1.0
Size: 21.98MB
Kaspersky Anti-Virus
Size: 64.17MB
McAfee VirusScan 10
Size: 9.54 MB
Microsoft Security Essentials 1.0.1961 For-
Windows XP
Windows Vista/7
Windows Vista/7 64 bit
NOD32 AntiVirus 4.0.474
Size: 33.38 MB
Norton AntiVirus 2009
Size: 60.10 MB

a-squared Free
Size: 67.29 MB
Size: 92.85 MB
AVG Anti-Spyware
Size:11.84 MB
CWShredder 2.19
Size: 520 KB
HijackThis 2.0.3 Beta
Size: 1.34 MB
Malwarebytes Anti-Malware 1.44
Size: 4.88 MB
Rootkit Revealer 1.71
Size: 226 KB
Spybot Search & Destroy 1.6.2
Size: 15.65 MB
Spyware Terminator Beta
Size: 636 KB
SpywareBlaster 4.2
Size: 2.87 MB
SuperAntiSpyware 4.34.1000
Size: 7.40 MB
WinPatrol 17.0.2010.0.0
Size: 971 KB
Windows Defender 1.1.1593
Size: 4.95 MB

Internet Browser
Adobe Flash Player For Internet Explorer Beta 3
Adobe Flash Player For Non Internet Explorer Beta 3
Adobe Air Beta 2
Size: 11.03 MB
Adobe Download Shockwave Player
Size: 8.05 MB
Avant Browser 11.7 Build 46
Size: 2.00 MB
Firefox 3.6
Size: 7.94 MB
Flock 2.5.6
Size: 12.76 MB
Google Chrome 5.0.335.1 Beta
Size: 12.68 MB
Google Web Accelerator 0.2.70
Size: 1.55 MB
Internet Explorer 8.0 (Vista)
Size: 13.30 MB
Internet Explorer 8.0 (XP)
Size: 16.10 MB
Microsoft Silverlight 3.0.50106
Size: 4.71 MB
K-Meleon 1.5.3
Size: 5.47
Maxthon Beta
Size: 6.35 MB
Size: 5.78 MB
Opera 10.50 Beta 2 (Build 3273)
Size: 11.88 MB
Safari 4.0.4
Size: 28.26 MB
SeaMonkey 2.0.3
Size: 10.11 MB

Cleaning & Tweaking Tools
CCleaner 2.22.968
Size:3.13 MB
PC Inspector File Recovery 4.0
Size:5.83 MB
Recuva 1.29.429
Size:3.62 MB

Compression and Backup

7-Zip 9.04 Beta
Size:952 KB
IZArc 4.0.1760 Beta
Size:3.85 MB
WinRAR 3.90 Beta 5
Size:1.31 MB
WinZip 12.1.8519
Size:13.09 MB

File Sharing
uTorrent 2.0.0 Beta 16126
Size:296 KB
LimeWire Basic 5.2.13
Size:17.99 MB
BitComet 0.99
Size:5.10 MB

File Transfer
FileZilla 3.2.7 RC3
Size:3.87 MB
Size:4.44 MB
Free Download Manager 3.0.848
Size:6.41 MB
Orbit Downloader 2.8.15
Size:2.18 MB

Firewall & Security
Size:1.45 MB
Comodo Firewall + Antivirus 3.10.102363
Size:75.37 MB
Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer 2.1
Size:1.51 MB
ZoneAlarm Free
Size:32.38 MB
Sygate Personal Firewall 5.6.2808
Size:8.80 MB

Media Player
AIMP 2.60.486 Beta 2
Size:4.74 MB
BSplayer 2.4.3
Size:12.13 MB
Codec Pack All-In-1
Size:9.59 MB
DivX Play
Size:20.15 MB
Foobar2000 beta 1
Size:2.91 MB
GOM Player
Size:5.77 MB
HandBrake 0.9.3
Size:6.23 MB
iTunes 8.2.1
Size:74.36 MB
jetAudio 7.5.3 Basic
Size:25.92 MB
K-Lite Codec Pack 5.05 (Full)
Size:13.60 MB

Messaging & Chatting
AIM Beta 3
Size:7.50 MB
Digsby Beta (build 60)
Size:3.53 MB
Eudora 8.0.0 Beta 6
Size:8.70 MB
Gizmo Project
Size:13.71 MB
Google Talk Beta
Size:1.53 MB
ICQ 6.5.1042
Size:15.97 MB
MailWasher 6.51
Size:8.66 MB
Miranda 0.8.4
Size:1.64 MB
mIRC 6.35
Size:1.67 MB
Pidgin 2.5.8
Size:13.66 MB
Size:2.71 MB
Size:21.23 MB
Yahoo! Messenger
Size:14.13 MB

Office & Document
Adobe Reader 9.1
Size:25.50 MB
CutePDF Writer 2.8
Size:3.37 MB
FeedReader 3.14
Size:5.56 MB
Foxit Reader 3.0.1817
Size:3.57 MB 3.1.1 RC1
Size:136.37 MB
PDFCreator 0.9.8
Size:16.67 MB

Windows 8 Coming 2012?

Even Windows 7 isn’t out the market yet, but Microsoft seem to be making good progress with Windows 8,their next Operating System. A roadmap slide from Microsoft’s Italian subsidiary has Windows 8 penciled in for a 2012 release:

Note though that Windows 8 is down as approximately 2012. Even still, it looks like Microsoft are sticking to their 2.5-3 year release cycle, with Windows Vista launching Jan 2007 (it was late), Windows 7 in October 2009 and Windows 8 in 2012.
Windows 8 is also denoted as ‘codemane Windows 8′ – does this mean than Windows 8 will not be called Windows 8?
We all are expecting big things from Windows 8. Although Windows 7 is a great release and adds several much needed improvements to Windows Vista, it’s still too familiar for us and doesn’t feel ‘new’ enough and we are looking forward to getting a new OS with new views.

Here's you will find all the interesting news about Windows 8

Windows 8 Video & Info
Windows 8 Wallpaper & Theme
New Set Of Windows 8 Wallpaper
Something about Windows 8 release
Real Windows 8 Screenshot?
Microsoft developer Confirms New GUI In Windows 8
Windows 8 With New Networking Feature?
Windows 8 Transformation Pack Download

Basic PC Terminologies

Don’t Know Anything about computer?A beginner?Wanna know the basic pc related terminology?Here you find all the basic notes. Here I use a human body analogy to describe the function of PC hardware components to hopefully clarify their functionality.I hope you all like this way.

You will often see the terms Bits, Bytes, Kilobytes, Megabytes and Gigabytes . A Bit is the lowest form of computer information and can take the value 0 or 1 (i.e. Off or On). All computer functionality is derived from the behavior of Bits. For various purposes, the main conversion factors you need to know are:

8 bits (b) = 1 Byte (B)
1,024 Bytes = 1 Kilobyte (KB)
1,024 Kilobytes (KB) = 1 Megabyte (MB)
1,024 Mega bytes (MB) = 1 Gigabyte (GB)
1,024 Gigabyte (GB)=1 Terabyte (TB)

Note in particular that the general convention is that bits are shown as a small 'b', and Bytes are shown as a capital B. E.g.: 512kbps is 512 kilobits per second, which translates to 64KB/s (KiloBytes per second).

A PC (Personal Computer), often referred to as a System, Machine, Rig or Box, is a collection of hardware (electronic components) which function as a unified system through the use of software (programmed instructions). This is similar to the way a human body has a range of organs, connective tissue and structures designed to work together to achieve an outcome.

The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the single most important component of a PC. It is typically a thin square chip which is seated firmly on your Motherboard, usually covered by a large metal heatsink and fan to cool it.

The CPU controls and co-ordinates the actions of the entire PC under instruction from software. It has the role of determining which hardware component does what, assigning tasks and undertaking complex calculations which are then fed through the various relevant components and back. In human body terms, the CPU is the brain.

The Motherboard, also called the Mainboard, or Mobo for short, is the large rectangular plastic Printed Circuit Board (PCB) into which a large range of electronic components are connected in a PC. The motherboard provides a network of pathways (or Buses) for the CPU to communicate to the various hardware components, and a range of ports for standard peripherals and devices to plug into the PC.

The major pathway for information flow in the motherboard is the main Bus (Front Side Bus or HyperTransport). In human body terms, the motherboard is the nervous system and arterial system combined.

RAM (Random Access Memory), also called System RAM or just Memory, is the most common form of computer memory hardware used by a PC. RAM usually comes in long thin 'sticks' of set sizes that plug into the motherboard and through it provide a place for the CPU and other components to temporarily store information. RAM only holds information while the PC is on; if a PC is rebooted or switched off, any information in RAM is instantly cleared. Aside from System RAM, the graphics card usually has its own RAM called Video RAM, and the CPU and other hardware often have small memory chips called Caches to hold information temporarily. In all cases, memory is used to speed up data transfers because information can be written to and read from memory much faster than any other form of storage (such as the Hard Drive or CD ROM). This is primarily because such memory chips have no moving parts.
ROM (Read Only Memory) is a permanent form of memory, and works similar to RAM,
however unlike RAM it can only be read from and not written to under normal circumstances, and it will not clear when the system is rebooted or switched off. ROM is primarily used to hold small amounts of important information, such as the BIOS (Basic Input Output System) - the program which tells the computer how to function when it is first switched on - stored on the ROM chip in the motherboard. Certain ROMs can be written to by use of a process called Flashing, such as when the BIOS is flashed with a new version. In human body terms, Memory is like our own memory with RAM being short term memory and ROM being long term memory.

The Hard Drive is a semi-permanent storage area that acts like Memory, except it is slower and far larger. The hard drive is a rectangular metallic box inside which is a stack of round platters and a read/write head. The hard drive plugs into the motherboard's IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) Controller, SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) Controller or SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) Controller depending on the drive type and the motherboard type. Whenever the PC requires information, it must first be read from the hard drive, usually into RAM, from where it is then accessed by the CPU and other devices.

Data such as installed software will remain on the hard drive regardless of whether the system is rebooted or switched off. Because the hard drive involves moving physical components, such as the read/write head and a spinning disk, it can never be as fast as RAM/ROM - which have no moving parts - in providing information. Often a system may slow down or stutter while waiting for more information to be loaded up or written to the hard drive. The amount of information on the hard drive itself usually has no significant impact on its performance. In human body terms, the hard drive and the information it holds is like a library of books, or a notepad that can be read from and written to.

Much like the Hard Drive, a CD, DVD, CDRW or DVD-R drive (broadly called an Optical Drive) is a storage device tha t reads from and sometimes writes information onto CDs or DVDs that permanently hold this information until
overwritten or deleted. Such drives usually come in plastic rectangular boxes with a loading slot or extendable tray in the front. They usually plug into the motherboard's IDE Controller or SATA Controller depending on the drive and motherboard type. Specifically, CD and DVD ROM drives can read information from CDs or CDs & DVDs respectively, but cannot write anything onto them. CDRW and DVD-R drives can both read from and write information to writeable CDs and DVDs respectively. All these drives are slower than a hard drive in reading and writing information due to physical limitations once again and also the way in which they are connected to the main system Bus. In human body terms, these drives are again much like an external library and the CDs and DVDs themselves are like books or notepads.

Much like a Hard Drive or CD/DVD Drive, a Floppy Drive stores information on a recording medium, usually a thin plastic 3.5" Floppy Disk. The floppy drive comes in a rectangular plastic box with a loading slot at the front and a large ejection button, and plugs into the floppy controller on the motherboard. Floppy drives can read from and write information to floppy disks, but are incredibly slow compared to any other form of drive, and also hold very little information (1.44MB) and hence are not commonly used anymore. Most PCs retain a floppy drive for emergency use when Windows won't load up for example, or to flash the BIOS, though even this is no longer necessary under Vista. Again, in human body terms a floppy drive is like a library, with the floppy disks a document or notepad for reading from and writing to.

The Graphics Card, also called the Video Card, Graphics Adapter or VGA Adapter, is a miniature computer of its own dedicated solely to graphics-rela ted functions on the PC. It is a thin rectangular plastic PCB with a GPU (Graphics Processing Unit, or 'Core') - similar to a CPU - and Video RAM (or VRAM) - similar to System RAM - as well as Pipelines for transferring information internally, similar to the Buses on a motherboard. It plugs into the motherboard through the AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) Port, a PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) slot, or a PCI-E (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express) slot. Most graphics cards have one or more heatsinks on the GPU and the VRAM, and often have a fan on the GPU or

covering the entire card. The graphics card undertakes the majority of 2D and 3D graphics calculations and also sends information directly to the Display Device, which is usually a monitor. Some motherboards have built-in graphics functionality that works in much the same way as a graphics card, but is referred to as Onboard Graphics or Integra ted Graphics. PCs with such graphics functionality typically process graphics-related information far less quickly than those with plug-in graphics cards. In human body terms, the graphics card is like the portion of the Brain that relates to visual or artistic expression.

A Display Device, or more commonly referred to as the Monitor, is the device through which the PC's information is displayed graphically. This graphical information comes from the graphics card, and a display device must usually be plugged directly into the graphics card through the back of a PC to facilitate this. While many computers still have a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) monitor as their primary display device, modern PCs can utilize LCD displays, Plasma Televisions and sometimes multiple types of displays at once to output the graphics information. Display devices have the ability to displa y graphics at various resolutions, typically expressed in number of Pixels wide by number of Pixels high (e.g. a resolution of 1024 x 768). A Pixel is the smallest component of graphics, and the higher the

resolution, the more pixels are displayed on the display device and hence the clearer the image. At each resolution a display device can also redraw the ima ge a number of times per second, referred to as the Refresh Rate. The higher the refresh rate the smoother your graphics will appear and the less flickering you will notice. In human body terms the display device is like a piece of paper or a canvas used by a person to convey thoughts as images and text.

The Sound Card, also called the Audio Card or Audio Device, is a thin plastic PCB or sometimes an external attachment that acts as a dedicated CPU for calculation of audio informa tion. A sound card typically plugs into the motherboard through a PCI slot, or in some cases as an external peripheral, and usually has no heatsink or fan, as it does not require the same level of cooling as other ma jor components. Some motherboards have built-in audio functionality that

works in much the same way as a sou nd card, but is referred to as Onboard Au dio or Integrated Sound. PCs with such audio functionality typically process audio-related information less quickly or less faithfully than those using proper sound cards. In human body terms, the sound card is much like the portion of the Brain that relates to audio interpretation.

A PC speaker system (or headphones) is designed to output the audio signals of the PC, which usually come from the sound card, and hence they typically plugged directly into the sound card. Even if a PC has no attached speakers/headphones, all PCs have a small built-in speaker that provides important system status information usually as beeps. In human body terms the speakers or headphones are like the voice of the PC.

The Power Supply Unit (PSU) is a square metal box, usually with a fan at the back, which is cabled to all the major components of a PC, particularly the motherboa rd, and provides the power for the PC to function. The power cord from the wall usually plugs straight into the back of the PSU directly, as it draws the appropriate power and regulates the precise voltages that certain devices need to function correctly. The PSU usually has a wattage rating which indicates the maximum power output of the PSU under load, with the more devices connected to a PC the higher the wattage required to maintain ample smooth power to each and hence keep the system stable under stress. In human body terms, the PSU is like the heart which pumps blood through the arteries and organs.

A Heatsink is a square or rectangular solid metal object typically with a perfectly flat surface on one side, and many long square 'spines' on the opposite surface. The role of a heatsink is to sit on top of a chip like the CPU or GPU, or even RAM - any component which gets quite hot - and draw out the heat these components are producing through conduction. This heat then travels along the length of the heatsink to the top of the individual metal spines where cooler air and a large surface area help in accelerating the dissipation of the heat. Typically a fan is bolted on top of the heatsink to aid in blowing more cool air over the heatsink's spines and hence dissipate the heat more quickly. In some cases where just a heatsink is sufficient for the job, no fan is used - such as the heatsinks on the motherboard or heatsinks placed onto VRAM.
Often Fans are placed inside and around a PC case by themselves to draw in cool air and blow out hot air from the enclosed space around the hardware components on the motherboard. Given the way heatsinks work, the air around components will heat up quickly as heatsink(s) radiate the heat drawn from hardware components. Fans of varying sizes and speeds aid in cooling the air in the entire case.
Other forms of PC Cooling such as refrigerator-like Peltiers, Heatpipes and Watercooling blocks can assist or replace heatsinks and fans in the role of cooling system components, but are less common due to their cost and complexity. In human body terms all these devices are like the respiratory and perspiration functions.

The PC case is a hardened structure, usually made of thin but strong metal and/or plastic, which encloses all the PC components and onto which the motherboard is firmly attached. The case usually provides the basic framework required for affixing additional components such as hard drives, floppy drives and the PSU. Often the case will also have a range of openings small and large to allow fans to draw and expel air for better circulation. In hu man body terms the case is like the skeleton combined with the skin.

A Peripheral generally refers to any external device attached to a PC, such as a mouse, keyboard, printer or digital camera for example. The term 'peripheral' is used specifically to indicate that the device lies outside the periphery of the PC case. The only thing peripherals have in common with each other is that they provide additional input to the PC, and often capture some of the PC's output too. In human body terms peripherals are like the eyes, ears, nose, hands and feet of the PC.

The Operating System (or OS) such as Windows Vista, is a vital piece of software - a compilation of instructions tha t tell all the hardware components in a PC how to function to achieve particular outcomes. This information is interpreted and coordinated by the CPU, but is not confined to CPU functionality. An OS is a necessity on all modern PCs since without an overarching program to provide core functionality, all the computer components would not be able to function as a single machine. Additional installed software is like modular functionality which slots under the OS to perform specific functions or tasks, such as word processing or gaming. In human body terms the Operating System/software is like a combination of our basic education, instincts and emotions - the driving force behind our behavior that tells us how to act.
Hopefully this information has helped you understand the roles of the various hardware components a little better. Ultimately a PC is an incredibly complex machine and as such the simplifications in this chapter don't do justice to the intricate and multi-faceted ways in which hardware and software components interact.

Microsoft blacklist OEM key of Windwos 7

The first public crack of the RTM build of Windows 7 (6.1.7600.16385) did not survive for very long.The reason behind this is the Microsoft and Lenovo’s partnership (Pirates – 1, Microsoft – 1). Microsoft has now blacklisted the OEM key and ensured that Lenovo will be able to deliver genuine, non-pirated copies of Windows 7 to its consumers. Microsoft made it clear earlier on the Genuine Windows Blog that this leak will not cause any issues for Lenovo.
Microsoft then goes on to state that pirating Windows 7 will not be as easy as it was for Vista or XP, as it has an improved mechanism for protection.
Considering that the pirates are usually always one step ahead, it will be interesting to see how the game between Microsoft and the pirates will evolve once Windows 7 has been released. Microsoft can’t simply just blacklist a key once it has already been sold to genuine customers, and more OEM keys will almost certainly be leaked once the date of General Availability (GE) has arrived,22 October. Once that happens, we will see if Microsoft’s new anti-piracy system is up to par, or just another exaggerated scheme out of Microsoft.

Nonetheless, Microsoft is much more confident this time!
Here is the important parts of Microsoft’s Statement for Lenovo:

Windows 7 already includes an improved ability to detect hacks, also known as activation exploits, and alert customers who are using a pirated copy. There is a hack that is said to enable, when paired with the leaked key, a system to install and use a copy of Windows 7 Ultimate. The Windows Activation Technologies included in Windows 7 are designed to handle situations such as this one, and customers using these tools and methods should expect Windows to detect them.

We’ve worked with that manufacturer [Lenovo] so that customers who purchase genuine copies of Windows 7 from this manufacturer will experience no issues validating their copy of Windows 7. At the same time we will seek to alert customers who are using the leaked key that they are running a non-genuine copy of Windows. It’s important to note that no PCs will be sold that will use this key.

Our primary goal is to protect users from becoming unknowing victims, because customers who use pirated software are at greater risk of being exposed to malware as well as identity theft . Someone asked me recently – and I think it’s worth noting here — whether we treat all exploits equally in responding to new ones we see. Our objective isn’t to stop every “mad scientist” that’s out there from dabbling; our aim is to protect our customers from commercialized counterfeit software that impacts our customers’ confidence in knowing they got what they paid for. That will continue to be our focus as we continue to evolve our anti-piracy platforms, and respond to new threats that we see emerge in the future.
Now Wait & See…..
GetBlogs Blog Directory Technology Blogs - Blog Rankings